Our beloved country Pakistan needs food, proper and pure water supply, and adequate sanitation to provide a good health to the people of Pakistan, hence, above all, it requires health care programs and finally good and economical health care centers easily accessible to the needy and poor patients.
Health facilities in Pakistan are inadequate due to lack of resources and high population growth rate. About 16 years ago, 85% of the population had access to health care centers. As of 1999, total health care expenditure was estimated at 4% of GDP.
Pakistan is also working towards universal immunization, disease prevention, health promotion, and curative and rehabilitative services. In the 1990s, there were several programs under way to improve health care coverage and control tuberculosis, leprosy, and cancer, etc. Special attention has been given to the training of nurses, and several training centres are in operation. However, medical personnel ratios, though much improved, remain inadequate.
Malaria, tuberculosis, intestinal, venereal, and skin diseases remain Pakistan’s main public health problems.
Major causes of infant mortality are immunizable diseases, diarrhea, malnutrition, and poor environmental sanitation. The leading causes of death were diarrhea, pneumonia, tuberculosis, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Average life expectancy in 2000 was estimated at 63 years.